RCASA Friday Facts: Child Abuse and Neglect Statistics Part 2

In Friday Facts, Sexual Assault Awareness on April 27, 2012 at 5:00 am

 RCASA Friday Facts: Child Abuse and Neglect Statistics Part 2

 April is Sexual Assault Awareness and Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Month. Below aremore startling statistics related to child abuse both in the United States and worldwide.Each year, an estimated one million children all over the world are sold or “trafficked”internationally and across borders into illegal sex trade. (UNICEF Convention on theRights of Children)

  •  World Health Organization has estimated, through the use of limited country-level data,that almost 53,000 children died worldwide in 2002 as a result of homicide. (WHO, 2002)
  • The highest child homicide rates occur in adolescents, especially boys, aged 15-17 yearsand among children 0 to 4 years old. (Global Estimates of Health Consequences due to Violence against Children, WHO 2006)
  • Deaths are only the visible tip of the problem. Millions of children are victims of non-fatal abuse and neglect. In some studies, between one-quarter and one-half of children report sever and frequent physical abuse, including being beaten, kicked or tied up by parents. (Global Estimates of Health Consequences due to Violence against Children,WHO 2006)
  • Suicide is the third leading cause of death in adolescents around the world. (WHO, 2002)
  • Of the world’s 1.2 billion people living in poverty, more than 600 million are children.(UNICEF: The State of the World’s Children, 2000)
  • Each day, 30,500 children under five years of age die of mainly preventable disease, andthousands more are ill because of unsafe drinking water and poor sanitation. (UNICEF:The State of the World’s Children)
  • Each day, 8,500 children and young people around the world are infected with HIV.(UNICEF: The State of the World’s Children, 2000)
  • Studies reveal that some groups of children are especially vulnerable to violence. Thesesinclude children with disabilities, those from ethnic minorities and other marginalizedgroups, “street children” and those in conflict with the law, and refugee and other displaced children. (WHO, 2002)
  • The number of street children worldwide is almost impossible to know, although theWorld Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF estimate the number to be 100 million.The social phenomenon of street children is increasing as the world’s population grows.(Casa Alianza, Worldwide Statistics 2000)
  • Between 133 and 275 million children worldwide are estimated to witness domestic violence annually. (UNICEF, 2006)
  •  The exposure of children to violence in their homes on a frequent basis, usually through fights between parents or between a mother and her partner, can severely affect a child’s well-being, personal development and social interaction in childhood and adulthood. (Violence and Victims, 2002)
  •  Intimate partner violence also increases the risk of violence against children in the family, with studies from China, Colombia, Egypt, Mexico, the Philippines and South Africa showing a strong relationship between violence against women with violence against children.(WHO, 2002)
  • A study from India found that domestic violence in the home doubled therisk of violence against children. (Journal of Pediatric Psychology I, 2000)
  • Reporting on a wide range of developing countries, the Global School-based Health Survey recently found that between 20 and 65 % of school-aged children reported having been verbally or physically bullied in the past 30 days. Bullying is also frequent in industrialized countries. (Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study 2004)

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