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Archive for January, 2011|Monthly archive page

Aparato Reproductor Femenino

In Awareness Campaigns, Hispanic/Latino, Prevention on January 31, 2011 at 8:00 am

Para terminar con nuestras bitácoras cibernéticas este mes, hablaremos sobre el sistema reproductor femenino. 

Artículo extraído de:

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aparato_reproductor_femenino

para propósitos de prevención, educación, y concientización a la comunidad.

Nuestro cuerpo es bello amémoslo, respetémoslo y hagamoslo respetar!

Partes internas del sistema reproductor femenino

El aparato reproductor femenino es el sistema sexual femenino. Junto con el masculino, es uno de los encargados de garantizar la reproducción humana. Ambos se componen de las gónadas (órganos sexuales donde se forman los gametos y producen las hormonas sexuales), las vías genitales y los genitales externos.

Contenido

  1. 1.     Partes del aparato reproductor femenino

1.1  Órganos internos

1.2  Órganos externos

Partes del aparato reproductor femenino

El sistema reproductor femenino está compuesto por:

Órganos internos

               Ovarios: son los órganos productores de gametos femeninos u ovocitos, de tamaño variado según la cavidad, y la edad; a diferencia de los testículos, están situados en la cavidad abdominal. El proceso de formación de los óvulos, o gametos femeninos, se llama ovulogénesis y se realiza en unas cavidades o folículos cuyas paredes están cubiertas de células que protegen y nutren el óvulo. Cada folículo contiene un solo óvulo, que madura cada 28 días, aproximadamente. La ovulogénesis es periódica, a diferencia de la espermatogénesis, que es continua.

Los ovarios también producen estrógenos y progesteronas, hormonas que regulan el desarrollo de los caracteres sexuales secundarios, como la aparición de vello o el desarrollo de las mamas, y preparan el organismo para un posible embarazo.

  • Tubos uterinos o Trompas de Falopio: conductos de entre 10 a 13 cm que comunican los ovarios con el útero y tienen como función llevar el óvulo hasta él para que se produzca la fecundación. En raras ocasiones el embrión se puede desarrollar en una de las trompas, produciéndose un embarazo ectópico. El orificio de apertura de la trompa al útero se llama ostium tubárico.
  • Útero: órgano hueco y musculoso en el que se desarrollará el feto. La pared interior del útero es el endometrio, el cual presenta cambios cíclicos mensuales relacionados con el efecto de hormonas producidas en el ovario, los estrógenos.
  • Vagina: es el canal que comunica con el exterior, conducto por donde entrarán los espermatozoides. Su función es recibir el pene durante el coito y dar salida al bebé durante el parto.

La irrigación sanguínea de los genitales internos está dada fundamentalmente por la arteria uterina, rama de la arteria hipogástrica y la arteria ovárica, rama de la aorta.

La inervación está dada por fibras simpáticas del plexo celíaco y por fibras parasimpáticas provenientes del nervio pélvico.

Órganos externos

Vulva

Región externa del aparato reproductor femenino.

En conjunto se conocen como la vulva y están compuestos por:

La forma y apariencia de los órganos sexuales femeninos varía considerablemente de una mujer a otra.

01.trompas de Falopio

02.Vejiga urinaria

03: sínfisis púbica

04: vagina

05: clítoris

06: uretra

07: vestíbulo, o apertura vaginal

08: ovario

09: colon sigmoideo

10: útero

11: fondo del saco vaginal

12: cérvix o cuello uterino

13: recto

14: ano.

Cortesía del Concilio Rappahannock Contra el Asalto Sexual, Rappahannock Council Against Sexual Assault, RCASA (Fredericksburg, VA) – (540) 371-5502

Are plea agreements effective in rape cases?

In Case Management, Legal Advocacy on January 30, 2011 at 3:00 pm

Plea agreements are often made in the prosecution of rape and sexual assault cases.  Pleas or Alford pleas allow for some admission that the evidence is present but also allows for the defendant to not admit guilt.  Sentences are usually suspended with provisions that the offender is placed on a sex offense registry.   In some cases, pleas are made so the defendant will testify against someone in another case or within the same case.

Recently in Caroline County, a man entered an Alfred plea to acknowledge sufficient evidence but to not admit guilt, with a suspended sentence and the task to testify against another.

As I peruse the news, there are several cases around the country where similar cases are handled.  Except in New York.   In a case this month, such sentencing resulted in outrage in the community over leniency in sentencing and a lack of remorse shown in such arrangements.  Here the judge rejects the plea and is forcing a reexamination of the case and recommending the case to go to trial.

While all cases are unique, it does remain a valid question as to what is effective in the prosecution of rape cases.  Are the use of plea agreements with suspended time and non-admission of guilt really punishment?  Are suspended sentences really effective in deterring these offenders from raping again?  What message does this really send our community?

Cultural Difference & SV/IPV

In Sexual Assault Awareness on January 29, 2011 at 8:14 am

At this point I think that it is safe to say that we are all aware of the manner of dress that women in some middle eastern societies are forced to wear. I think that we are also aware of the honor killings in places like India. Female circumcision or FGM (female genital mutilation) has gained much attention in the past few years. These are profound harms committed against women in an effort to control their behavior. They are violent. They are public. They are not ‘civilized.’

We would never do those things. Western culture has advanced beyond such barbarism. The women in our society are free and capable to dress how they want to dress, date who they want to date, and their bodies are not cut up for the purpose of satisfying others.

Except that they aren’t.

When it comes to sexual and intimate partner violence, we all got issues.

The threat of rape always looms heavily over women. We still judge women for what they wear (or don’t wear) and should an assault occur, we still ask them what they were wearing and why (and shouldn’t they have known that that would attract a certain kind of attention).

And can women truly date whomever they want to date? What if it is another woman? ‘Corrective rape,’ that is a rape that is meant to correct some behavior (in this case, non-heterosexuality) is a serious issue. Perpetrators feel the loss of control over a woman’s body if she identifies as a lesbian, or is perceived to, and so rape is used as a tool to correct this. Men will say that ‘all she needs is a good f*ck,’ and so they force it on them.

If you look at the rate of plastic surgery in this country, FGM doesn’t look so barbaric. Breast implants, botox, liposuction, these procedures are done so that we may appear attractive to others. So that an ideal, promoted by our media, can be met. this ideal, however, is an impossible goal that can never truly be reached (thanks to airbrushing).

So who is really free?

The reality is that cultural differences are real, and need to be taken into account when discussing violence. the first examples (honor killings and FGM) are extreme, and I believe that it represents something necessary for change, but we need to look at these cultures in less than a western lens. Latino culture is family oriented, and often very religious, and so women may not leave their husbands, or report a sexual assault. this is not something wrong with a culture, but rather a result of culture. Cultures change but they cannot be forced to change (that’s called colonialism), they must be allowed to change on their own. If we look at Latino culture, and specifically the reasons why reporting are problematic, we can see something great; emphasis on family. Having such an emphasis on the importance of family is a great thing, it creates the opportunity for a large support network, a necessity to healing for victims. Those there is no guarantee that this support network will be there after an assault, there are no guarantees in life, the opportunity is there.

We need to support other cultures and promote the positive aspects, not force western culture on others. We also need to not sanitize our own culture. Cultural difference is a great thing. It is something key to growth and learning, both on an individual and social level.

RCASA’s Friday Facts: Family Sexual Abuse

In Friday Facts on January 28, 2011 at 8:00 am

Common Characteristics of Family Sexual Abuse

Family members are often enmeshed or over-involved.

  • This often results in a loss of boundaries within the family, including a loss of physical, emotional, verbal, and sexual boundaries. Family members then become involved in each other’s lives. They often begin thinking, talking, and feeling for each other.
  • The sexual abuse often may result from a loss of physical boundaries with tickling, touching, or closeness that was appropriate at a younger age. The continued loss of boundaries results in more touching, and the touch often becomes more sexual.
  • The boundary to the outside world, however, is often too closed, which results in family isolation. Thus, family members look to the family too much to meet all needs (emotional, physical, and sexual.)

Families often are experiencing or have experienced a period of high stress, such as:

  • Often the abuser or the non-offending spouse has experienced sexual abuse in their past, or they may have a brother or sister who was abused, thus they have probably grown up in an enmeshed, isolated family, with some loss of boundaries.

Families often need to change the way the members communicate with each other.

Even for members who feel close, they often do not feel free to say what they think or how they feel. Thoughts or feelings therefore are often expressed indirectly and are often misunderstood.

Families often need to change relationships which exist. Some examples of common problem relationships are:

  • The husband/wife relationship often needs to be closer.
  • The abuser/victim relationship often has been too close.
  • The non-offending parent/victim relationship often needs to be closer.
  • The victims often feel they do not belong with the rest of the siblings.

Sexual Abuse offenders commonly have the following characteristics:

  • They often have a high need to be in control.
  • They  often have low self-esteem or don’t feel good about themselves as they could.
  • They often feel uncomfortable in social situations.
  • They are often impulsive.
  • They often feel misunderstood by others.

Non-offending parents commonly have the following characteristics:

  • They often find it difficult to be assertive.
  • They often need to feel more competent and confident.
  • They often need to be more independent.
  • They often feel tired, overwhelmed, or preoccupied.

The sexual abuse victims commonly have the following characteristics:

  • They may be “caretakers,” often functioning in a parent-like role.
  • They may be self-destructive in a variety of ways, such as abusing drugs, alcohol, or food.
  • They often feel guilty, ashamed, or at fault.

The siblings commonly have the following characteristics:

  • They often blame the victim for the sexual abuse.
  • They often blame the victim for the upheaval in the family.
  • They are often jealous of the attention which the victim gets.
  • They often feel “left out” in the family system.

If you have any questions or concerns please feel free to call the Rappahannock Council Against Sexual Assault hotline 24 hours a day/7 days a week at 540-371-1666.  Also, please see our website at www.rcasa.org. We are here to help!

Therapy: The benefits of seeking treatment sooner, rather than later

In Sexual Assault Awareness on January 27, 2011 at 11:48 am

After working solely with sexual violence survivors for several years I’m now branching out and working in community mental health as well.   However, the realization struck me shortly after working with this more broad population that the overwhelming majority of these clients had also been victimized sometime in their lives.  Although many of these clients were seeking help for problems in their relationships, chronic mental illness, depression, or any variety of counseling need, the disclosure of their assault seems as a breakthrough moment in therapy. 

Now, this is certainly not meant to imply that all sexual assault survivors will need psychological assistance for bigger issues later in life, nor am I trying to imply that all of their current problems are a direct result of their sexual assault.  However, sexual assaults have been linked eating disorders, substance abuse problems, anxiety disorders, and problems with intimacy.  Therefore, it is generally easier to work through problems before they may compound in the future.  For example, if a sexual assault survivor begins abusing alcohol in an attempt to self-medicate and eventually seeks treatment for alcoholism then they will have to now work through the dual problems associated with addiction and trauma.  That being said, no one should be forced into counseling before they feel ready to address the trauma.  It is a balancing act for many survivors, however, it is one that is sometimes necessary in the road to healing and recovery.

Legislative Action Day

In Sexual Assault Awareness on January 26, 2011 at 8:14 am

Wednesday, January 26, 2011 – is Legislative Action Day.

Today the Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance along with rape crisis centers/domestic violence programs across the state will join together as they promote important legislative items during the General Assembly session.

Please join with the Action Alliance and your local rape crisis and domestic violence centers to contact your local legislators about the issues below:

1. Protect funding for sexual and domestic violence services from further cuts.  In the past year, Virginia cut funding for sexual violence services by 5%, domestic violence services by 8%, and homlessness intervention services by 8%.  We need to protect and preserve these critical services.

2. Expand access to Protective Orders for victims of dating violence, stalking, and sexual assault.  Address and name dating violence in the Code of Virginia and allow equal access to court-ordered protection for all victims of certain defined acts of violence and threatening behaviors, to prevent further acts of violence, trespass, or contact.

3.  Extend the Address Confidentiality Program within the Office of the Attorney General to make it statewide.

4.  Preserve access to services for ALL victims of sexual and domestic violence in Virgnia, regardless of their immirgration status.  Victims of sexual and domestic violence and their children must be able to access safety, including law enforcement, the courts and protections availalbe through the Violence Against Women Act, without regard to their immigration status.

You can help by adding your voice to advocate for improved rights, laws, and access to services for victims of sexual and domestic violence.

If you have any questions, please contact Kristine Hall at khall@vsdvalliance.org or Gena Boyle atgboyle@vsdvalliance.org or call 804-377-0335.

 

Tuesday Prevention: 100% Solution to Rape/Sexual Assault Found!

In Prevention, Sexual Assault Awareness on January 25, 2011 at 7:00 am

Sooo….I found a 100% solution that will end for all eternity sexual and intimate partner violence….

Ready for it?!?!?!

.

..

….

…..

Don’t Rape/Assault Each Other!

That’s it. That is the only way to truly, one hundred percent, prevent sexual assault/rape. It is that simple.

So much of our prevention efforts place the responsibility on the victim to prevent rape/assault. We have RAD classes (Rape Aggression Defense), we have keychains with pepper spray, ‘watch your drinks!,’ put your keys in between your fingers, never go out alone, ‘check your back seat!,’ Rape-aXe, ‘clearly say “NO!,’” scream, kick, punch, gouge, don’t go down that dark alley, ‘don’t wear THAT!,’ RUN!, don’t go up to his room….etc.

There is something clearly wrong with this list. We only tell women to do these things. Ask any man what he does on a daily basis to prevent being raped and you know what he’ll say?

‘Stay out of jail.’

What this is evidence of is that we are clearly putting the responsibility on the victims, and we are naming ‘women’ as the victim. The truth is that men are raped as well. Men are raped by men and men are raped by women. But to be a ‘rape victim’ is not an acceptable label for men. Men are SOOOO desiring of sex, and ‘ready to go’ at all times, that they can only be raped by other men, not women.

We need to look at and examine why it is that so many men are raping women, and why so much rape occurs. For all of the efforts that RCASA puts into our communities, rape can only be prevented if no one is raping anyone. The only way.

So stop raping each other.

Lista de ofensores sexuales en Fredericksburg, Virginia

In Awareness Campaigns, Hispanic/Latino, Outreach, Prevention, Sexual Assault Awareness, Systems Advocacy on January 24, 2011 at 8:00 am

Lista de ofensores sexuales del area de Fredericksburg, Virginia

Esta es la lista de ofensores sexuales del area de Fredericksburg, Virginia cerca al código postal 22407 (Condado de Spotsylvania).

 http://sex-offender.vsp.virginia.gov/sor/executeZipSearch.html

  Para verla:

  1. Presione el botón CTRL (en la parte inferior izquierda de su teclado) y presione el botón izquierdo del ratón de su computadora, despúes de enterarse de su responsabilidad al entrar a esta página electrónica (que solo está escrita en Inglés),
  2. Tipee los números que muestra la imágen en la caja en blanco y presione el botón ACCEPT
  3. 3.    Presione el botón izquierdo del ratón de su computadora y asegúrese de marcar: Include contiguous zip codes y All Offenders, luego en la caja en blanco escriba su código postal, y presione SEARCH
  4. Aquí es donde puede desplazar las imágenes hacia arriba o hacia abajo para ver a los ofensores sexuales que viven o trabajan en su mismo código postal o lugares aledaños.
  5. Para obtener mayor información sobre cada uno de ellos, puede presion ar doblemente con el botón del ratón de su computadora en cualquiera de los nombres.
  6. Para obtener una búsqueda más directa en el siguiente hipervínculo, puede presionar el botón CTRL (en la parte inferior izquierda de su teclado) y presione el ratón izquierdo del ratón de su computadora.

http://sex-offender.vsp.virginia.gov/sor/executeZipSearch.html?d-6484321-p=3&zipSearchCriteria.offenderFilterType=1&zipSearchCriteria.includeContiguous=on&zipSearchCriteria.zip=22407&searchid=x93485&search.type=com.vsp.sor.pub.web.action.ZipSearchAction1293656227139

La violencia sexual es un delito, si usted no dió su consentimiento, repórtela!

Concilio Rappahannock contra el as alto sexual

Rappahannock Council Against Sexual Assault, RCASA

(540) 371-5502

RCASA Sundays with Case Management: “I don’t just survive, I live”

In Outreach, Sexual Assault Awareness on January 23, 2011 at 8:00 am

Hello all,

As you read in our blog yesterday, we will be starting a new page specifically for survivors of sexual assault.  This page will be an opportunity for survivors to speak about how their experience impacted their lives.  The page will provide survivors the opportunity to showcase things like their literature, art, and poetry.  We want to encourage survivors to send their submissions to survivor@rcasa.org , it will be reviewed by staff  and possibly showcased on the page.  Please complete a release which will be accessible from the page or visit our office to sign one.  Submissions can also be made anonymously.  So today I will pre-feature an entry from one survivor who has graciously submitted her work and her permission for posting… Please pass the word to any one you know that is a survivor…

She writes……

Survivor….What does that word mean for a rape or sexual assault victim?  I remember the first time I heard that I was a survivor.  I tried to pretend it didn’t happen.  I went through the motions at work, but didn’t do a great job.  I would go to my church and pretend that everything was OK. I felt so out of control.  Even though I was holding it together on the outside, my insides were falling apart at the seams.  Can they see? Do they know? Do I look different.  I was afraid of every sound.  I stopped hanging out with my friends. People would ask “are you OK?” I would put a smile on my face and answer a quick “I’m fine”. I felt crazy.  The people I did tell, told me that it would get better with time.  Put it in the past. Move on with you life.  At least your alive.  Yes, I would think to myself, I am alive, but I am not living.  I am afraid to live. To go outside.  I was on my own so I had no choice but to work, but there was no one else around.  I was ashamed, embarrassed that I did not listen to sound advice.  I did survive, I was alive, but inside I was dying.  Slowly dying, and then one day a friend told me about the rape survivor hotline.  She took me to the police station because she knew an officer who dealt with these kinds of cases.  It was a couple of weeks after it happened, but it felt like years, it felt like yesterday.  The officer tried to get me to press charges, but I could not. I didn’t even remember exactly what house it happened at. That is what I told them.  I remember everything. The officer gave me a number to call if I needed to talk to someone.  I called the number. I am not sure what I expected, but they listened.  They calmed down my fears and let me speak. They didn’t judge and the first thing they told me after I finished speaking was “IT WAS NOT YOUR FAULT”.  My body rejected that because it was my fault in my mind.  I chose to walk into that house.  I had sensed something was not right, but I still went in.  I tried to explain to the lady on the phone that same thing, but again she said in a very cmmanding voice, “IT WAS NOT YOUR FAULT”  My heart grabbed onto that.  She asked me if I had wanted him to do the things he did. “I said no”  Did you say no at anytime? ” I did say no, and I struggle, but I couldn’t stop him.  I don’t even know how he was able to get my pants down.  It was like he had 8 arms.    Again, she told me ‘IT WAS NOT YOUR FAULT’  She then asked me other questions that pulled more information out.  I told her about my inability to function the way I used to.  The fact that I was afraid to even go outside.  She got me set up to meet with a group, and I started to go to that.  I met other women who were in same situation as me.  Some experiences were so horrible that I would begin to minimize my experience. The group leader would not let that happen.  Rape is Rape, and no matter the circumstances surrounding it does not change that fact.  It doesn’t matter if you went into a home willingly. If you were at a party drinking, it still doesn’t matter.  The fact that you did not want it to happen, and it was forced upon you makes it rape.  Yes, I am survivor, but I now realize something more than that…. I am a conqueror as well. I know that I would not have made it through without God and my faith in Him.  God has been my rock, and has sent me people to help me through this horrible thing.  Being raped takes away your dignity, it takes away your self-worth.  You feel like less of a human being and more like a piece of discarded tissue.  When I was at my lowest God was with me. He spoke to me and let me know that I was still loved.  I was ashamed because I knew that he had done everything to save me, and I couldn’t except that he still loved me.  How could he love me when I couldn’t even love myself.  I was not just worthless to others, but I was worthless to myself.  He kept calling me, and I ran away.  This is another peice of my puzzle though,  I hope if you are reading this that you take away that fact that ‘IT IS NOT YOUR FAULT”.  If you are raped, it is never your fault.  Also, no matter how it happened, you are a survivor, and you are on your way to being a conqueror.  YOU WILL HAVE TO WORK THROUGH IT, but as you deal you begin to heal.  I love going out with my friends now.  I was able to get married and have children.  I don’t just survive, I live.  God bless you all!  

RCASA’s Survivor’s Speak!

In Sexual Assault Awareness on January 22, 2011 at 8:00 am

This is just  brief introduction to something new we will be trying with our website.  We want to hear from you.  If you are a victim of sexual assault or if you have been affected by an assault we are calling for submissions.  Please send your works of literature, your art or poems that express your feelings or your experience.  You can send one piece or multiple pieces that can be posted over extended period of time.

We ask that you send your piece to survivor@rcasa.org we will review it and possibly feature your work on our Survivor webpage.  This is your chance to be heard so please consider sharing…  We will ask the those who submit sign a release, which will be accessible from our website.  Or you can send an anonymous submission via email.  If you would like to get more information please send us and email or visit our website at www.rcasa.org

We look forward to hearing from you!

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